CPU production at Globalfoundries: Pictures from the cleanroom - Update: PCGH in the cleanroom
Globalfoundries, AMD's former fab division, has been producing microprocessors for more than a decade in Dresden. PC Games hardware takes a look into the heart of the CPU production: The cleanroom.
Original article: May, 20, 2009
Since AMD's reorganization and the outsourcing of the semiconductor factories AMD Saxony there is a new player in the sector of microprocessor production: The Globalfoundries. Fab 1 is located in Dresden, Germany, with manufacturing plant Modul 1 (formerly Fab 36) and Modul 2 (formerly Fab 38).
In Modul 1, the first 300 mm Wafer production plant from Globalfoundries, AMD CPUs with 45 and 65 nanometer structures are produced. Modul 2 is currently converted into a 300 mm Wafer plant. Production is supposed to begin in late 2009.
About 2,600 engineers, technicians and specialists are working in the Dresden factories. The whole area is about 365,000 square kilometers big and the cleanroom space of Modul 1 alone covers 14,500 square meters. The cleanroom space of Modul 2 is 16,700 square meters big and the Bump Test Facility - where the Wafers are prepared for the final stages of production - adds another 10,300 square meters. In the cleanroom the employees are wearing special protective clothing in order to prevent contamination and that any unwanted particles are transported into the cleanroom. The effort for the air filtering and the preparation of water for the Wafer production is immense. If you are interested in more details about cleanrooms you should take a look at the according entry at Wikipedia.
In the gallery below you can find pictures of the sensible area at Globalfoundries' Fab 1: From the Photo-Lithography over the Module Films, Etch, Polishing and Plating to the quality inspection. Have fun while taking a look at the heart of the CPU production.
Update: November 12, 2009
On November 11 PCGH editor Henner Schröder and several other journalists from all over the world visited Globalfoundries' Fab 1 in Dresden, Germany. For the first time ever it was possible take a guided tour through the cleanroom of Modul 1, formerly AMD's Fab 36, where the company primarily produces 45 nanometer CPUs for AMD. In the cleanroom the visitors were not allowed to take their own pictures or notes and there was only one camera provided by Globalfoundries for all the reporters. Therefore the following pictures don't show all steps of the production, but are nevertheless a worth-seeing addition to the original article.
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